Hanging Garden Of Babylon
1.Who built the Hanging Garden of Babylon?
Nebuchadnezzar (605- 562 B.C.), The King of Babylon.
2.Why did he built them?
It is believed that he built them to please his wife, Amyhia,
who came from Persia and disliked the flatness of the city of
3.How were they built?
The gardens were laid out on terraces built in tries over arches,
the whole structure rising to some 106.7 metres. The ascent
from tier was by steps. The terraces were overlaid with "earth"
sufficiently deep to support trees and shrubs.
4. What kind of trees were planted?
Trees planted there included Oak, Pine, Willow, ash, Orange,
Pomegranate, and palm.
5. How were the plants watered?
It is believed that these gardens were irrigated by water taken
from cisterns at the summit
1.Who was Sri Aurobindo?
Sri Aurobindo was a great Philosopher, Teacher, Social reformer,
Yogic and Political thinker.
2.When was he born?
He was born on 15th August 1872 in Calcutta.
3.How did he spend his early life?
He completed both his school and college education in England.
After a brief stint in the Baroda services, he plunged himself
into the freedom movement.
4.Where did he establish his Ashram?
At Pondicherry, in 1910, then a French territory.
5.Who was his most important associate?
The mother. Born of French parents, she came to Pondicherry
in 1914 and helped Sri Aurobindo in all educational, Spiritual
and administrative aspects of the Aurobindo Ashram
1.Who was Bertrand Russell?
He was an outstanding English Mathematician, Philosopher, Scientific
thinker and logician who influenced the thinking of an entire
2.When was Bertrand Russell born?
On 18th May, 1872.
3.Why was he imprisoned during the world war first?
He was a pacifist and was strongly opposed to the war. He was,
therefore, denounced as a triator and imprisoned.
4.Which are among his more famous works?
The Principal mathematica (with A.C. white head); The Analysis
of matter. The outline of Philosophy, Mysticism & logic
and the history of western Philosophy are among his famous works.
5.What prize was he awarded in 1950?
He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950.
1.Who was Amritdevi?
Amritdevi lived in the village of Khejadali in Rajastan in the
18th century. She died while protecting a tree.
2.Why was she protecting a tree?
She belonged to the Bishnoi community which believes that animals
should not be killed and trees should not be cut.
3.Who was trying to cut down the tree that Amritdevi died for?
The king of Jodhpur needed wood for building a palace and had
sent his soldiers to cut trees in Amritdevi's village. The bishnois,
led by Amritdevi, did not allow the soldiers to cut down the
4.How did they do that?
Each one hugged a tree. The soldiers attacked them and killed
Amritdevi and more than 300 others. When the king heard of what
had happened he was horrified and ordered his men to stop cutting
5.Does the Bisnoi community still exists?
It does. This small community in Rajastan continues to protect
trees and animals and every year Bishnois gather at the village
of khejadali for a religious fair
1.Who was Marie Curie?
She was a polish born scientist who discovered Polonium and
2.Where did she do her research work?
Her most important work was done in a draughty, leaky shed in
courtyard at the school of Physics in Paris.
3.When did she get the Nobel Prize?
The first time in 1903 along with Pierre curie and Bacqurel
and once again in 1911 for Chemistry.
4.What was her source of radium?
She got both Polonium and Radium from PITCHBLINDE ore obtained
from the mines of Bohemia.
5.Why is her death considered ironic?
In those days, the deadly properties of radioactive substance
were not known. Her death in 1934 was caused by exposure to
radioactivity, the very phenomenon that she helped the world
1.What is DDT?
DDT is the initials of a chemical 'dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane'
used as an insecticide since the 1940s.
2.Has DDT benefited mankind?
Yes. Many countries including India have managed to bring malaria
under control chiefly through the use of DDT.
3.Is it true that some countries have banned the use of DDT?
Yes. DDT is now banned in several countries including the USA.
4.What is the reason for question no 3?
It has been found that DDT does not break down into harmless
substances like most other insecticides. It remains in the soil
and ultimately gets into our bodies through our food.
5.Does DDT do any harm if it collection our body?
Nobody knows for sure in the meantime Indians are consuming
more DDT than any other people in the world.
India's First Lady Doctor
1.Who was India's first lady doctor?
India's first lady doctor was Anandibai Joshi.
2. Where was she born?
She born at Kalyan, near Bombay on March 31,1865.
3.How did she become a doctor?
Her education began after her marriage to Gopal Rao Joshi, a postal
clerk, at the age of nine. In the beginning Gopalrao taught her
himself. When their eldest child died they decided that Anandibai
should become a doctor to serve her countrymen. She was 14 years
old at that time.
4.Where did she get her medical degree?
Gopal Rao Joshi scraped up enough money to send her to America.
There she got admission to the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania
and graduated from there in 1886.
5.Did she practice in India?
Unfortunately she could not do that. Tuberculosis, which was a
killer disease in those days, claimed her on February 26, 1887,
four months after her return from America.
1.When were rockets invented?
The Chinese used rockets as early as in the 11th century. Rockets
were also used during wars in the last century.
2. Who is the father of the modern rocket?
Werner Von Braun, the German Scientist who perfected the legendary
V2 rocket during world war 2nd.
3.What is the speed required to launch a rocket into orbit
and into outer space?
A speed of 8000 metres per second or 8km/sec, is necessary to
launch a rocket into the earth's orbit and a speed of 11.2km/sec,
is needed to launch it to the moon.
4.Where is India's rocket launching base?
At Sriharikota in Andhra pradesh.
5.What are the parts of a conventional rocket?
Payload, Propellant, Liquid Oxygen, Turopump, Trust, Combustion
chamber, Fins, Nozzle, Reaction.
1.WHO FIRST THOUGHT OF USING CHEMICAL WEAPONS,
IN MODERN TIMES?
The idea was first conceived by the German chemist Firtz Harber
2.Which was the first chemical weapon used?
Chlorine. It was sprayed on unsuspecting Allied Forces at Ypres,
France on April 22, 1915. Later, Harber came up with a deadlier
weapon- mustard gas.
3.What sort of chemical weapons are used today?
Chemical weapons of today are of two basic types- blistering
agents (like mustard gas) and the nerve gases.
4.What do blistering agents do?
Mustard gas and other blistering agents quickly penetrate the
skin and get to the flesh below. Later huge blister appear and
the skin sloughs off leaving gaping wounds. If inhaled they
can burn the throat and blister the lungs.
5.How do nerve gases act?
Nerve gases like Sarin and Tabun (both developed in Germany
during WW 2) are odourless gases which it inhaled or obsorbed
by the skin kill in minutes by paralyzing the nervous system.
Birth of Bangladesh
1.What was Bangladesh Known as earlier?
2.When was Bangladesh born?
In December 1971 after several months of fighting between the
Pakistani Army and the Bangladesh freedom fighters, supported
by the Indian army.
3.Who was the Indian general who accepted the
surrender of the Pakistani forces under Gen. A.A.K. Niazi?
Gen. Jagjit Singh Aurora.
4.Which was the second country, after India,
to recognize Bangladesh?
5.Who was the first President of Bangladesh?
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
The Tower of London
1.How big is the tower of London?
The Tower of London consists of a group of buildings encircled
by a series of fortifications. The inner wall has 13 towers and
the outer wall has 6 tower and 2 bastions and is surrounded by
a moat. The complex is spread over 13 acres.
2.Who built the Tower?
It was begun by William the conqueror about 1078 A.D
3.For what purpose?
He built it for the protection of London and to instill fear in
the hearts of the English.
4.When did the rest of the buildings of the Tower come up?
Most of the other buildings came up during the reign of Henry
Ill (1216-71). The tower was a royal residence for several centuries.
5.What is it used for now?
The tower houses the Crown Jewels and the national collection
of arms and Armour. It is a great tourist attraction
1.What was Mummy?
Embalmed bodies of the dead, found mainly in Egypt.
2.Why were the bodies preserved?
They were preserved in the belief that the soul would continue
to exit as long as the mummified body was preserved.
3.How was mummification done?
Firstly, the internal organs were removed and the corpse was
soaked in a mixture of salt and alum for several weeks. Then
the body was filled with spices and smeared with a resinous
paste. It was then swathed with linen bandages and placed in
a double coffin and buried.
4.What else did the Egyptians mummify?
Apart from humans, they also mummified bulls, dogs, cats, crocodiles,
birds, fishes and even insects.
5.Where else did this custom prevail?
Mummies have also been found in Peru and Mexico
1.Which is the original home of the potato?
Peru in South America. It was introduced to Europe by the Spaniards
in the late 16th century.
2.Did it find ready acceptance in Europe?
No. As it is related to a poisonous group of plants, the potato
was viewed with suspicion. But in time it found acceptance and
poor people all over Europe become totally dependent on it.
3.Where did the Great potato Famine occur?
By the 1800s, the potato was the chief food of the people of Ireland.
In 1845 a disease destroyed the potato plants there and there
was a potato famine over a million Irish starved. Thousands of
Irish emigrated to America.
4.Who brought the potato to India?
The Portuguese and the British.
5.Is the potato fattening?
No, says the American Medical Association. One medium sized boiled
potato contains less calories that an apple.